La Revolution Collection: Spanish civil war

When idealists went to war




Robert Capa  ( 1913–1954) 

The Falling Soldier - Spanish Civil War

1936

The Falling Soldier

The most iconic image of the Spanish Civil War – and indeed of Capa’s career – is the photograph of a Spanish Republican militiaman falling down wounded on the Córdoba front line.  “The photograph is an overwhelmingly powerful statement of the human existential dilemma, as the solitary man is struck down by an unseen enemy, as if by Fate itself…the photograph is a haunting symbol of all the Republican soldiers who died in the war, and of Republican Spain itself, flinging itself bravely forward and being struck down.” –  Richard Whelan, “Robert Capa in Spain"




Robert Capa © International Center of Photography Farewell ceremony for the International Brigades. Les Masies, Spain. October 25th, 1938. © Robert Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos








July 1936: The Spanish Civil War Begins











Republicans women with rifles rest Spanish Civil War


Nationalist troops capture Republican soldiers 




Bodies of children awaiting burial after a Nationalist air raid



The siege of the Montaña barracks was the two-day siege which marked the initial failure of the July 1936 uprising against the Second Spanish Republic in Madrid, on 18–20 July 1936, at the start of the Spanish Civil War

Marina Ginesta , a member of the Catalan (JSU) Communist Youth, pictured in July 1936 on the terrace of the Hotel Colon, where a militia enlistment office was established. Photograph: Juan Guzmán/Agencia EFE/REX/Shutterstock


SPAIN. Madrid. November-December 1936. After the Italo-German air raids. The Nationalist offensive on Madrid, which lasted from November 1936 to February 1937, was one of the fiercest of the Civil War. During this period Italy and Germany started helping the Nationalist forces, and the USSR the Popular Front government. The civilians were severely affected by the bombings. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography











SPAIN. Madrid. November-December, 1936. During the Italo-German air raids, many people took shelter in the subway stations. The Nationalist offensive on Madrid, which lasted from November 1936 to February 1937, was one of the fiercest of the Civil War. During this period Italy and Germany started helping the Nationalist forces, and the USSR the Popular Front government. The civilians were severely affected by the bombings. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography











SPAIN. Andalucia. Cerro Muriano. Cordoba front. Republican soldiers. September 5th, 1936. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. August-September 1936. A checkpoint near Barcelona. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography



SPAIN. Barcelona or its vicinity. August, 1936. Republican militiaman aiming a rifle. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. Barcelona. August 1936.Republican militiaman saying farewell before the departure of a troop train for the front. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. Barcelona. January 1939. Running for shelter during the air raid alarm. The city was being heavily bombed by Fascist planes as General Franco’s troops rapidly approached the city. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. Catalonia. Barcelona. August 1936. Militiawomen defending a street barricade. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography



Robert Capa © International Center of Photography Former member of the Barcelona Philharmonic at a concentration camp for Spanish refugees. Bram, France. March, 1939. © Robert Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos


Robert Capa © International Center of Photography After an Italo-German air raid. The Nationalist offensive on Madrid, which lasted from November 1936 to February 1937, was one of the fiercest of the Civil War. During this period Italy and Germany (...)


Robert Capa © International Center of Photography Three Loyalist militiamen in a gully aiming rifles. Cordoba front, Spain. Early September, 1936. © Robert Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos


Robert Capa © International Center of Photography Republican soldiers inside the Governor's Palace, the last bastion of the Fascist resistance. Earlier that day the Republicans had detonated mines powerful enough to blow away an entire wall. Battl (...)


SPAIN. Madrid. 1936. The boy is wearing a cap belonging to a member of the Steel Battalions, of the “Union de Hermans Proletarios” (Union of Proletarian Brothers), an anarchist militia. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. Murcia. February 1937. Refugees from Malaga. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography


SPAIN. Murcia. February 1937. Refugees from Malaga. Robert Capa © International Center of Photography





SPAIN. November 7th, 1938. Near Fraga, the Aragon front. Loyalist troops during an offensive on the Rio Segre.  Robert Capa © International Center of Photography

SPAIN. Toledo. September 1936. A young Communist militiaman standing near the ruins of the Alcazar


Robert Capa © International Center of Photography Loyalist militiamen jumping over a gully. Cordoba front, Spain. Early 1936. © Robert Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

Robert Capa


SPAIN. Toledo. September 1936. A young Communist militiaman standing near the ruins of the Alcazar


Bidding farewell to the International Brigades. Spain, 1938. Robert Capa

Robert Capa

Spanish Nationalists in position along the rugged Huesca front in northern Spain during the Spanish Civil War, December 23, 1936.


W. EUGENE SMITH 

Guardia Civil

Nationalist soldiers at San Sebastian, in the Spanish Civil War ...
Creator: World History Archive Credit: © World History Archive




Gerda Taro © International Center of Photography Republican militiawoman training on the beach outside Barcelona, Spain. August 1936. © Gerda Taro © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos


Gersa Toro


George Orwell (?) and Ernest Hemingway
Credit: © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS


Nationalist troops in Irun, Spain, during the Spanish Civil War.© Reinhard Schultz/age fotostock

Battle of Santander
Foto: Fons fotogràfic Agustí Centelles







Memòria Repressió Franquista.: De la batalla del Jarama a la II ...
Creator: SIN FIRMA Credit: PRABC





Catalonia 1930s | Spanish war,





1938 Bombardeig aeri dels feixistes sobre Barcelona més devastador





Les milícies antifeixistes de Catalunya


Anarchist Militia Women Spanish Civil War


Robert Capa




Bombing of Guernica



Guernica Picasso






For Whom the Bell Tolls >>> is a novel by Ernest Hemingway published in 1940. It tells the story of Robert Jordan, a young American volunteer attached to a Republican guerrilla unit during the Spanish Civil War. As a dynamiter, he is assigned to blow up a bridge during an attack on the city of Segovia.










Robert Capa

An unparalleled war photographer of the 20th century, Robert Capa chronicled the Spanish Civil War and cemented the visuals of WWII into the collective memory with his visceral images of the D-Day landings on Omaha Beach. His most famous photograph, Death of a Loyalist Militiaman (1936), depicts a Spanish soldier on the Córdoba front in mid-collapse from a fatal gunshot. During peaceful interludes, Capa produced portraits of leading cultural figures, including Pablo Picasso and John Steinbeck. A co-founder of Magnum Photos along with Henri Cartier-Bresson and others, Capa died when he stepped on a landmine while on assignment for Time-Life in French Indochina. He would inspire future generations of war photographers with his rule, “if your pictures aren’t good enough, you’re not close enough.”


Robert Capa ICN>>>

Robert Capa at 100: The war photographer’s legacy >>>

Spanish Civil War History >>>



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